Fascia is a tough connective tissue which spreads throughout the body in a three-dimensional web, much like a spider web. It extends from head to foot without interruption. Fascia supports, protects, envelops and becomes part of the muscles, bones, nerves, organs and blood vessels, from the largest structures right down to the cellular level. When all is well, the body functions harmoniously. When injuries occur, however, the fascia has the ability to reorganise along the lines of tension imposed on the body. Trauma, posture or inflammation can create a binding down of the fascia resulting in excessive pressure on nerves, muscles, blood vessels, osseous structure and/or organs causing pain or malfunction throughout the body.
This enormous pressure can produce the symptoms of pain, headaches, fibromyalgia and limitations of motion. Since many of the standard tests such as x-rays or scans do not show the fascial restrictions, it is thought that an extremely high percentage of people suffering with pain and/or lack of motion may be having fascial problems but most go undiagnosed.
The John F. Barnes “Myofascial Release Approach” consists of the gentle application of sustained pressure into the fascial restrictions. Structural release involves applying gentle, sustained pressure into areas of tightness, restriction or pain and waiting for your body to release. Never forceful, pressures are applied to gently reach the barrier of the tissue restriction. At first, you will feel an elastic or springy give and this is fool’s gold. It feels like a release. It feels like a bit of a change. However, the tissue will just spring back once the pressure is disengaged. This “fool’s gold” is the elastic component of the tissue giving way. However, the only way to experience a lasting change in the tissue is to wait. Additional time spent holding the pressure (beyond 5 minutes for each restriction) enables your connective tissue to fully ‘melt’ and lengthen. Science is telling us that there is yet another benefit to waiting long enough to allow for a phase change in the tissue. Beyond 5 minutes, your body will begin producing interleukin, which is a natural anti-inflammatory! This response is only elicited when pressure is sustained and uninterrupted – no rubbing, poking, manipulation or bouncing!
Myofascial Release helps to remove the straight-jacket of pressure caused by restricted fascia, eliminating symptoms such as stiffness, pain, headaches, spasm and fibromyalgia, as well as restoring range of motion. It seems that the fascia tends to lose its fluidity when it goes through trauma or an inflammatory response; in other words it tends to solidify. This treatment facilitates the fascia to transform as it undergoes its solid to gel reorganisation during myofascial release. This rehydration also allows for an elongation of the myofascial system, relieving the pressure on pain sensitive structures for alleviation of the symptoms of pain, headaches and restoration of motion.